-, Feldman M, et al. 2018 Feb 6;115(6):1304-1309. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1715640115. Image courtesy of Wellcome Collection. This allowed the disease to spread throughout the world — to Bombay, Cape Town, Guayaquil in Ecuador, San Francisco and Pensacola, Fla. -, Haensch S, et al. This episode of bubonic plague spread to all inhabited continents, and ultimately led to more than 12 million deaths in India and China, with about 10 million killed in India alone. This article explores how plague—as an idea—became an ahistorical independent agent of historical change. Yet, Europe still experienced plague outbreaks during the Third Pandemic, which began in China and spread globally at the end of the nineteenth century. Keywords: In the end, the plague killed some 12 million people. Harbeck M, et al. Spyrou MA, Tukhbatova RI, Feldman M, Drath J, Kacki S, Beltrán de Heredia J, Arnold S, Sitdikov AG, Castex D, Wahl J, Gazimzyanov IR, Nurgaliev DK, Herbig A, Bos KI, Krause J. Third Plague. (A) Locations with reported plague occurrence. eCollection 2020. The worldwide outbreak would eventually claim some 15 million lives before petering out in the 1950s. Plague epidemics in Europe during the First and Second Pandemics, including the Black Death, are infamous for their widespread mortality and lasting social and economic impact. 2021 Jan;164:105169. doi: 10.1016/j.resconrec.2020.105169. The Third Plague Pandemic started in China in the middle of the 19th century, spreading plague to all inhabited continents and killing 10 million people in India alone. We declare we have no competing interests. Contaminated water was/is the source of transmission of this infectious disease that causes severe diarrhea that can potentially lead to dehydration and even death. Red and green circles show plague-infected counties in southern and northern China, respectively. The third plague pandemic was a major bubonic plague pandemic that began in Yunnan, China in 1855 during the fifth year of the Xianfeng Emperor of the Qing dynasty. Natl Acad. doi: 10.7759/cureus.7357. Credit: Wellcome Collection.  |  Would you like email updates of new search results? Climate drivers of plague epidemiology in British India, 1898-1949. 2020 Jun 10;287(1928):20200538. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2020.0538. Evol. Black Death. 2014. However, spatial transmission and the influence of environmental and anthropogenic factors have been investigated in only a few countries (3, 12 ⇓ –14). The third plague pandemic was a major bubonic plague pandemic that began in Yunnan, China in 1855 during the fifth year of the Xianfeng Emperor of the Qing dynasty. 2020 Mar 21;12(3):e7357. Cureus. The third plague pandemic was the last, for it coincided with (and in some cases motivated) a series of achievements in the scientific understanding of the disease. Bramanti B, Stenseth NC, Walløe L, Lei X. Adv Exp Med Biol. Reported suspected plague cases per year in Europe (1899–1950) from the Public Health…, Map of reported plague cases in Europe (1899–1947) from the Public Health Reports…, ‘Liverpool Port Sanitary Authority rat-catchers…, ‘Liverpool Port Sanitary Authority rat-catchers dipping rats in buckets of petrol to kill…, NLM This has been a large part of why we haven't seen a fourth pandemic. The third plague pandemic. Third Pandemic is the designation of a major bubonic plague pandemic that began in Yunnan province in China in 1855, fifth year of the Xianfeng Emperor of the Qing dynasty. Initially spread by fleas during a mining boom in Yunnan, the plague is considered a factor in the Parthay rebellion and the Taiping rebellion. The Second pandemic plague cases the end, the plague: a disease which Changed the of! 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