With the French Army in disarray the main burden on the Western Front falls squarely upon the British. Kerenski's forces defeated by Bolsheviki near Petrograd (see 8th and 15th). What happened in World War I in 1917? British hospital ship. For other specific sources used in this website see the bibliography: Copyright © www.greatwar.co.uk All rights reserved. Count Tisza, Hungarian Premier, resigns [Appointed June 10th 1913.] British defence of Jerusalem ends (see 26th). The crash happened through the carelessness of the two signalmen, who were found guilty of criminal negligence and sent to prison. Entente Governments present demand to Greek Government for abdication of King Constantine (see 12th and May 28th). British Government inform Japanese Government that they will support Japanese claims to German possessions north of the Equator if it is understood that Japan will support similar British claims south of the Equator (see December 16th, 1914). Allied war aims outlined (see December 18th, 1916). Child "Second Offensive Battle" of Verdun ends (see August 20th). The news is celebrated by the ringing of church bells in England, for the first time since 1914. Russian Revolution-Tsar Nicholas II abdicated. Negotiations suspended (see 3rd and 13th). April 16, 1917 - Political agitator Vladimir Lenin arrives back in Russia, following 12 years of exile in Switzerland. Labor in America 1908-1912 | John First great aeroplane raid on England (Kent and Folkestone) to cause heavy casualties. Battle of the Menin Road Ridge (Ypres) ends (see. When I choose it I was living just north of Boston and had grown up a huge Red Sox fan. Nicaragua severs diplomatic relations with Germany (see May 8th, 1918). German Government send instructions to German Minister in Mexico (von Eckhardt) to negotiate alliance with Mexico and Japan against the United States (see February 28th). Dr Machado Guimarães, Portuguese President, deposed (see 28th, and August 6th and October 5th, 1915). M. Painlevé succeeds M. Ribot as French Premier (see 9th and November 14th). Top Answer . British Government inform Russian Provisional Government of their adherence to the principle of an independent and united Poland (see March 30th and September 13th, 1916, and January 10th, 1917). Major-General J. Pershing appointed to command United States Expeditionary Force (see June 8th). The British Admiralty, following on a Cabinet decision, appoint a Committee, in conjunction with the Ministry of Shipping, to draw up a plan to convoy merchant ships (see June 14th and July 2nd). General Kornilov's revolt collapses (see 8th, 10th and 14th). Action of Beho-Beho (East Africa) begins (see 4th). General Brusilov succeeds General Alexeiev as Russian Commander-in-Chief (see September 5th, 1915 and August 1st, 1917). Director Sam Mendes’s new WWI epic, 1917, which just won Best Motion Picture – Drama at the Golden Globes is based on several grim true stories. The Reichstag passes Resolution as to German War Aims (see January 24th, 1918). Naval action in Gulf of Riga. First Battle of Gaza ends (see 26th, and April 17th). Funchal (Madeira) shelled by German submarine (see December 3rd, 1916). May 18, 1917 - The Selective Service Act is passed by the U.S. Congress, authorizing a draft. British Labour Party decide to send delegates to a "consultative" Conference at Stockholm (see 13th). Jerusalem surrenders to British forces (see 11th). Battle of Nebi Samwil (Palestine) begins (see 24th). Adolf Hitler | Triumph They establish a non-democratic Soviet Government based on Marxism which prohibits private enterprise and private land ownership. June Offensive (July 1, 1917–c. Dr. Ernst Ritter von Seidler appointed Austrian Premier (see 18th and June 21st, 1918). Count Esterhazy, Hungarian Premier, resigns (see 21st and June 15th). Nearly 300,000 Italians surrender as the Austro-Germans advance, while some 400,000 desert. Inter-Allied Conference assembles in Rome to discuss co-operation, and the questions of Macedonia, Greece, the command of the Salonika expedition and to convene a shipping conference. "Achilles" and Armed Boarding Steamer "Dundee": "Leopard" sunk. Historical Events for the Year 1917. Inter-Allied Conference ["Commission de Ravitaillement"] at Petrograd dissolves (see January 17th). March 15, 1917 - Germans along the central portion of the Western Front in France begin a strategic withdrawal to the new Siegfried Line (called the Hindenburg Line by the Allies) which shortens the overall Front by 25 miles by eliminating an unneeded bulge. Main Page | American Revolution | Abraham Lincoln | U.S. Squadron of 11 German airships attack England. Battle of Jaffa (Palestine) begins (see 22nd). Peace negotiations between Russian Bolshevik Government and Bulgaria, Central Powers and Turkey opened at Brest-Litovsk (see 15th, and January 5th, 1918). Battles of the Isonzo (June 23, 1915–October 24, 1917) Eleven battles between Austria and Italy at the Isonzo River were largely inconclusive, but the intervention of the German army at the Battle of Caporetto routed the Italian army. In 1917, two things happened that combined to end the stalemate in World War I. non-Internet re-usage only is allowed of any text, graphics, photos, audio Battle of Marasesti (Rumania) ends (see August 6th). Now that I’m living down in North Carolina, not everyone immediately correlates 1918 with that event. Single aeroplane by moonlight (see November 28th, 1916 and September 4th, 1917 and May 19th, 1918). Haiti severs diplomatic relations with Germany (see July 12th, 1918). Harwich flotilla action with German 6th torpedo boat flotilla in the North Sea: H.M.S. From the Ministry of Information First World War Official Collection at the Imperial War Museum, copyright image Q2661, with my thanks. German destroyers raid British convoy in the North Sea and sink H.M.S. It is also one of the deadliest conflicts in history, with an estimated 9 million combatant deaths and 13 million civilian deaths as a dire… Second phase of Battle of Marasesti begins (see 1st, and September 3rd). Udine (Venetia) captured by Austro-German forces (see 24th). German conquest of the Baltic Islands completed (see 11th, 12th and 18th). ltaly accedes to Franco-British Convention as to naval "prizes" (see November 9th, 1914). Murman cruisers raid convoy in North Sea and sink British destroyers "Strongbow" and "Mary Rose'' (see December 12th). Dr. Wekerle appointed Hungarian Premier (see 9th and April 17th, 1918). January 19, 1917 - The British intercept a telegram sent by Alfred Zimmermann in the German Foreign Office to the German embassies in Washington, D.C., and Mexico City. Costa Rica severs diplomatic relations with Germany (see May 23rd, 1918). April 9, 1917 - The British Army has one of its most productive days of the war as 3rd Army, supported by Canadian and Australian troops, makes rapid advances north of the Hindenburg Line at Arras and Vimy on the Western Front. Manchu Emperor (Hsuan-Fung) restored in China (see June 6th, 1916 and July 6th and 7th, 1917). Admiral Sims, United States Navy, hoists his flag at Queenstown as acting Commander-in-Chief Irish Command (see April 9th and May 2nd). Turkish Army retreats from Kut (see 23rd and January 9th). Count Bernstorff's correspondence re German intrigues published. The Russian 12th Army, under General Kornilov, is unable to hold itself together amid the storm troop attacks and abandons Riga, then begins a rapid retreat along the Dvina River, pursued by the Germans. Liberia severs diplomatic relations with Germany (see August 4th). Air Force (Constitution) Act, 1917, comes into operation in Great Britain (see December 21st, 1917 and January 3rd, 1918). Honduras severs diplomatic relations with Germany (see July 19th, 1918). Ludendorff bluntly states he is willing to accept a million German casualties in a daring plan to achieve victory in early 1918, before the American Army arrives in force. [The actual suspension of hostilities took place on dates fixed by the local Arms Commanders (see 8th) in anticipation of truce arranged between the official negotiators (see 6th).]. Hostilities between Rumania and Central Powers suspended (see 9th and 10th, and March 5th, May 7th, and November 10th, 1918). Qasr-i-Shirin (Western Persia) again taken by Russian forces (see June 20th, 1916 and July 8th, 1917). Tank Corps formed in British Army (see September 15th, 1916). Bolivia severs diplomatic relations with Germany. The Pope sends Note to belligerent Governments appealing for peace (see July 30th, 1915). United States Government announce arming of all merchant vessels in the war zone (see February 26th). Major-General Pershing arrives in France (see 8th and May 10th). (see 23rd). Secret Convention signed at Brest-Litovsk between Germany and Russian Bolshevik Government concerning Poland. British Government give pledge in House of Commons that the restitution of Alsace-Lorraine is an object of the war (see November 15th). It Happened to Adele - 1917 was released on: USA: 15 July 1917 . Austro-Hungarian Government accept Bolshevik proposals to negotiate for an armistice and peace (see 21st and December 3rd). Hamadan (Western Persia) recaptured by Russian forces (see August 10th, 1916, and March 16th, 1918). The Russians attack along a 40-mile front but suffer from a jumble of tactical problems including a lack of artillery coordination, poor troop placement, and serious disunity within the ranks reflecting the divisive political situation back home. Lieut.-General A. de Ceuninck appointed Minister for War (see November 21st, 1918). French battleship "Danton" sunk by submarine in Mediterranean. Third Battle of Gaza begins (see April 19th and November 7th). Russia proclaimed a Republic by the Provisional GoVernment (see 10th). Youth | Timeline of Czernowitz (Bukovina) retaken by Austro-German forces (see June 17th, 1916). M. Pokrovski, Russian Foreign Minister, resigns (see December 12th, 1916 and March 15th, 1917). Russian Provisional Government (see March 14th) issue Proclamation to Allied Governments declaring in favour of self-determination of peoples and a durable peace. Armistice pourparlers begun by Russian Bolshevik Government with Central Powers (see 8th, 27th and 30th). First Battle of Doiran begin (first phase 24th/25th) (see, May 9th). Independent Moldavian Republic (Bessarabia) proclaimed at Kishinev (see April 9th, 1918). The German 8th Army utilizes new storm troop tactics devised by General Oskar von Hutier. First session of armistice [Also known as "Truce Delegates" and "Peace Delegates."] March 8, 1917 - A mass protest by Russian civilians in Petrograd (St. Petersburg) erupts into a revolution against Czar Nicholas II and the war. M. Kerenski definitely appointed Prime Minister of Russia (see July 19th, September 10th and November 8th). Allied Conference at Rapallo. Full Inter-Allied Conference assembles in Paris to discuss the Balkan situation, with military, naval and political committees to discuss plans in view of a probable collapse of Russia (Conference continued on 26th). Action by the "Swift" and "Broke" (see October 26th, 1916 and February 15th, 1918). Armistice between Russia and Central Powers begins (see 15th). The first such attack, along the Menin Road toward Gheluvelt, produces a gain of about 1,000 yards with 22,000 British and Australian casualties. British, Australian and Canadian tunnelers had worked for a year to dig mines and place 600 tons of explosives. Tikrit (Mesopotamia) Occupied by British forces (see 5th). Meanwhile the British launched a major offensive at Passchendaele in autumn 1917: as at … First regular convoy of merchant ships sails from Hampton Roads (Va.) [Experimental convoys had been tried in May. M. Painlevé, French Premier and War Minister, resigns (see 16th, and September 12th). 9th January » World War I: the Battle of Rafa is fought near the Egyptian border with Palestine. Battle of Nebi Samwil (Palestine) ends (see 17th.). Six days later, the British try again, with similar results. End of Third Battle of the Scarpe, 1917 (see 3rd) brings Battles of Arras, 1917, to an end (see April 9th). German airship "L.-.59" reaches East Africa, but turns back without alighting [Evidence for this event rests on German statements only.] Second German destroyer raid on Ramsgate (night 26th/27th) (see March 18th). Council of Trans-Caucasian peoples, i.e., Armenia, Georgia, Azerbaijan, and Daghestan, proclaim Trans-Caucasia a federal Republic (see April 22nd, 1918). On the one hand, World War 1 was over. Austrian battleship "Wien" sunk. World War 1, also known … Various sources have been used to create this timeline but a large proportion have come from a 1987 reprint 20th). First meeting of Great Inter-Allied Conference opens in Paris. August 1917. General Foch succeeds General Pétain as Chief of the French General Staff of French Ministry of War (see October 8th, 1914 and November 27th, 1917). What are the important events that happened on March 15, 1917? That is the most significant historical even that happened wholly within 1917. Jakobstadt (Baltic) stormed by German forces (21st/22nd). Action between Austrian and British naval light forces in the Straits of Otranto: 14 British drifters sunk. The History Place - World War I Index Page, [ The History Place Anglo-French Conference assembles in London to discuss the deposition of King Constantine of Greece and the occupation of Athens and Thessaly (continued on 29th) (see June 11th). The last German forces driven out of German East Africa into Portuguese territory (approximate date) (see November 25th). Dr. da Silva Paes appointed Acting President of Portugal (see December 11th, 1917, and May 9th, 1918). Russian Provisional Government Issue Proclamation acknowledging the Independence of Poland (see 14th, November 5th, 1916 and April 5th, 1917). Count Esterhazy appointed Hungarian Premier (see May 23rd and August 9th). Count Hertling succeeds Dr. Michaelis as German lmperial Chancellor (see July 14th, 1917 and September 30th, 1918). Professor Lambros, Greek Premier, resigns and is succeeded by M. Zaimis (see October 10th, 1916 and June 24th, 1917). World War I - World War I - Developments in 1917: The western Allies had good reason to be profoundly dissatisfied with the poor results of their enterprises of 1916, and this dissatisfaction was signalized by two major changes made at the end of the year. The British Admiralty Formally approve, scheme for convoying merchant ships (see May 17th aud July 2nd). Russian Provisional Government refuse a German proposal for an unlimited armistice. When was the battle of passchendale fought? Four days later, the Allies attack again and edge closer as the Germans slowly begin pulling out. German airship "L.-48" destroyed by aeroplane at Theberton in Suffolk. Turkish attack on Arab stronghold at Petra repulsed. French Foreign Minister in speech outlines French War Aims (see January 5th, 1918). (see October 24th). of the following book first published in 1922 by His Majesty's Stationery Office (HMSO): History of the Great War - Principal Events 1914-1918, HMSO, 1922, ISBN - 0 948 13031 8. March 15, 1917 - The 300-year-old Romanov dynasty in Russia ends upon the abdication of Czar Nicholas II. Within days, Russian soldiers mutiny and join the revolution. Central Powers proclaim grant of temporary Constitution to Poland, (see April 5th and October 15th, 1917 and January 10th, 1918). Moon Island and Dagö Island (Baltic) captured by German forces (see 11th and 12th). 1 decade ago. December 15, 1917 - Soviet Russia signs an armistice with Germany. Special train transportation for his return was provided by the Germans in the hope that anti-war Lenin and his radical Bolshevik Party will disrupt Russia's new Provisional Government. Action of Nyangao (German East Africa) ends (see 16th). The Turks then retreat northward toward Jerusalem with the Allies in pursuit. German submarine bombards Scarborough (Yorkshire). H.M.S. The story of 1917 takes place on April 6, and it’s partly inspired by events that had just ended on April 5. July 31-November 6, 1917. Ponta Delgada (Azores) shelled by a German submarine. April 1917 - British combat pilots on the Western Front suffer a 50 percent casualty rate during Bloody April as the Germans shoot down 150 fighter planes. German operations against the Baltic Islands begin (see 12th). First units of Portuguese Expeditionary Force land in France (see August 8th, 1916, and June 17th, 1917). German "unrestricted submarine warfare" begins (see January 31st). German raider "Moewe" returns to Kiel from her second cruise (see November 26th, 1916). Important events of 1917 during the fourth and penultimate year of the First World War, including the surprise tank attack by the British (pictured above) at the Battle of Cambrai. In his place, a new democratically minded Provisional Government is established. October 31, 1917 - In the Middle East, the British led by General Edmund Allenby begin an attack against Turkish defensive lines stretching between Gaza and Beersheba in southern Palestine. Janina (Greece) occupied by Italian forces. 11th January » The Kingsland Explosion called Kingsland munitions factory explosion occurs as a result of sabotage. Timeline of August 1917. British S.S. "Laconia" sunk by submarine (see 27th). Dr. Artur von Zimmermann, German Foreign Minister, resigns (see November 21st, 1916, and August 5th, 1917). General Byelyaev, Russian Minister for War, removed from office by Revolutionary party (see 12th, 15th, and January 17th). Place™ All Rights Reserved. Zaleszczyki (Galicia) recaptured by austro-German forces (see June 12th, 1916). Action of Rafah (Sinai). Manchu Emperor abdicates (see 1st and 6th). Tenth Battle of the Isonzo ends (see May 12th). May 27-June 1, 1917 - The mutinous atmosphere in the French Army erupts into open insubordination as soldiers refuse orders to advance. There are 291 days remaining until the end of this year. Affairs in the Siwa Oasis (West Egypt) begin (see 5th). Admiral Sims, United States Navy, arrives in England (see June 18th). German airship "L.-39" destroyed at Compiègne when returning from raid on England. Total 290, over half civilians (see December 21st, 1914 and July 20th and August 5th, 1918). Japanese battle cruiser "Tsukuba" sunk by internal explosion in harbour. M. Lenin and M. Trotski assume power. All hostilities on the Eastern front suspended (see 2nd). Succeeded by Prince Ahmed Fuad, his youngest brother. Mutiny breaks out in German Fleet at Wilhelmshaven (see November 3rd, 1918). M. Stephen Pichon appointed French Foreign Minister (see 14th). Scandinavian Governments' joint protest against German submarine warfare published. Battle of Marasesti (Rumania) begins (see August 1st). United States Battleship Division, under Rear-Admiral Rodman, joins Grand Fleet at Scapa Flow. Southwold and Wangford on the Suffolk coast shelled by German destroyers. July 31, 1917 - The British attempt once more to break through the German lines, this time by attacking positions east of Ypres, Belgium. October 24, 1917 - In northern Italy, a rout of the Italian Army begins as 35 German and Austrian divisions cross the Isonzo River into Italy at Caporetto and then rapidly push 41 Italian divisions 60 miles southward. Action of Nyangao (German East Africa) begins (see 19th). Gaza to Beersheba. Guatemala severs diplomatic relations with Germany (see April 23rd, 1918). Here are historical events, facts, and some myths about this day. Second Battle of Gaza begins (see 19th and March 27th). The armies of the Entente and Central Powers were no longer locked in battle, and the process of repairing the damage had begun (and in fields across Europe, continues to this day as bodies and munitions are still found in the soil.) Former succeeds M. Kerenski as Premier and latter succeeds M. Tereshchenko as Foreign Minister (see 13th, May 16th and August 6th). Russian battleship "Peresvyet" sunk by mine off Port Said. First United States destroyer flotilla arrives at Queenstown (see June 18th). General Guchkov appointed Russian Minister for War (see 13th, 14th, and May 16th). This domain name stems from the last time the Boston Red Sox won the World Series in the 20th century. Great German daylight aeroplane raid on London; 157 killed and 432 injured (see November 28th, 1916 and July 7th, 1917). M. Cochin succeeded by M. Métin as French Under-Secretary for Blockade (see March 20th, 1916 and November 16th, 1917). World War I (or the First World War, often abbreviated as WWI or WW1) was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918. However, similar to past offensives, the inability to capitalize on initial successes and maintain momentum gives the Germans an opportunity to regroup and further gains are thwarted. It features a series of intensive, narrowly focused artillery and troop attacks with limited objectives, to be launched every six days. Finland declares independence (see January 4th, 1918). Its message outlines plans for an alliance between Germany and Mexico against the United States. They had shunted the local train onto the main line instead of a siding and had been too busy chatting about the war to change the signals to warn the approaching troop train. Taking up shells by motor-driven light railway during the phase known as the Battle of Langemarck, near Elverdinghe, 19 August 1917. M. Kerenski succeeds Prince Lvov as Premier of Russia temporarily (see March 15th and August 6th). What took place was officially known as the Third Battle of Ypres, but history recalls the horror in one word: Passchendaele . In all, 52 large marquees and 20 bell tents at the hospital were damaged and two marquees and a tent destroyed. Marasesti begins ( see 13th ) from Hampton Roads ( Va. ) [ Experimental convoys had been in! Books released on: USA: 15 July 1917 President, deposed see. Corrugated iron roofing of a nursing s… what happened in 1917 now to! The nitrates and other chemicals used in explosives makes excellent fertilizer and Minister... For abdication of Czar Nicholas II, Tsar of Russia ( what happened in 1917 ww1 8th, 1918 ) a. Van Deventer succeeds general Sir Douglas Haig promoted Field-Marshal ( see March 16th, )! 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