Below surface paint defects require a solid knowledge and experience base for accurate evaluation and removal–depending on their severity. If a clay bar ran over the surface with heavy force and very little lubricant, the surface would appear grayish, dull, and looked scuffed. Sometimes, mixing methods is necessary to remove the most stubborn tree sap. Christopher Brown operates OCDCarCare Los Angeles, specializing in Ceramic Nano Noatings, and Auto Detailing Training Courses. For this reason, they are considered below surface paint defects. This is because the remnants of insects contain proteins that are potentially VERY harmful to automotive finishes. For this reason, many transfer/scuff marks are accompanied by minimal scratching or none at all. So as naive as I am took the delivery. However, severely deep etching are can only be improved by correction, and sometimes may not fully removed. There are a wide variety of conditions that body shops may encounter resulting from: • variations in paint process • environmental conditions • car owner care • … Often, the object transferring residue is softer than automotive paint. Dry Spray – A rough, textured surface often confined to a small area. Pin Holes are the popped solvent bubbles which escaped through the top layer of paint. The strength of the uric acid and proteins in bird droppings can vary greatly due to what particular bird(s) eat. Generally medium water spots can be removed with acidic cleansers to break the bonds of minerals. Paint Defects which Exist ABOVE, or on top of, the painted surface. It is possible to completely remove these or minimize the appearance of deeper etching with machine polishing. Really love it. When your car arrives at Interbay’s best auto repair facility, you’ll get the absolute best service in Seattle, King County, and beyond! While the sun’s UV rays directly strike only the surface of paint, oxidation and color failure might merit classification as a below surface defects, because they require polishing (abrasion) to remove. Eliminating a defect is often troublesome and time-consuming. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. Chemical decontamination sometimes removes these defects with ease. Most vehicle owners are completely unaware of their existence. Buffer trails or holograms are often temporarily covered by a glaze or wax. Hope this article serves as a useful resource for the detailing community and the paint polishing public. Lack of regular wash intervals which, causing higher concentrations of topical and bonded contamination to gather. Specialty chemicals may dissolve topical contaminants or loosen them up so slight agitation (abrasion) will remove them entirely. There is no cure for solvent pop; the only solution is to repaint the affected areas. Marring is best demonstrated utilizing a soft finicky jet black paint as an example; say Lexus jet black. Most often this paint issue is caused from paint correction or paint polishing by introducing too much heat to the surface. The removal process for dirt nibs requires an individual removal process, one nib at a time. Crinkling. Faults in painting plastics - Cracking. This article explores the types of common detailing paint defects that most professional or enthusiast detailers encounter during paint correction (a.k.a. During spray painting, liquid paint is atomized into tiny particles which can carry hundreds of feet through the air from the painting area. It can pay—literally and figuratively—to make your old car look almost new with a fresh paint job. A few main factors typically cause Spider Webbing: Vehicles washed without a specific and consistent technique have a higher probability for defects to occur. Sagging is usually apparent on local areas of a vertical or curved surface. Clear coat failure usually begins on the horizontal areas of vehicles because they are subject to the most intense and longest duration of UV and elemental exposure. In this lesson you will learn about some of the most common paint defects and how to repair them. Loss of adhesion. Here you will find the most common paint defects: Advice on paint defects. Bleeding. Defects such as: paint runs, fisheyes, shrinkage (dieback), and dry spray have importance, but occur much less frequently. Clouding. Also, if water is introduced to a dirty vehicle, with high levels of contamination, the water can trap the dirt/dust/loose topical contamination, causing light water spots. Most commonly, contamination from the lowest quarter of the vehicle, is easily embedded into a wash mitt. If the bare hand cannot detect the presence of topical bonded contamination alone, then get some help. I will show you the polishing range I use and the method of sanding using Kovax Bufflex mini orbital sander which I believe is a must in a panel shop these days. These topical defects generally indicate “hard water” dried on the surface. The best way to avoid sap contamination is to park as far away from coniferous trees (like pine or fir) as possible, if at all! Commonly, after detailing services are completed, some vehicle owners claim that a detailer has created deep scratches into their paint. These are classified as both topical paint defects or below surface defects, depending on their severity. Chemical based solutions also help to dissolve the sap’s bond to paint. Chalking. Paint Defects Every painter is going to have the problem of Orange Peel in their paint and there are many factors that can contribute to this condition. However, for many recent car purchasers, they find that hidden beneath the glistening finish of their new ride, there are serious and often incurable paint defects. This is actually a paint failure issue. Often, the beginning stages of clear coat failure appear as subtly dull or white patches on the horizontal surfaces of a vehicle. I bought a band new Toyata Corolla in November 2011. The paint pilling off the car took it to kia they told me they can't do nothing the pain pills so bad this a five year car in it look like 15 year old car cost me 2800 to get the car painted I know that this was a defect on the pait in kia don't want to admit it I think this is something that it … At a place I consulted with, the guys even expressed suspicion that the car may have been repainted. But I stay about 5 … I went to the BBB and they contacted Nissan. They are simply removed by a traditional wash, rinseless wash, or a waterless wash. A water spot removal chemical may be necessary for water with extremely heavy mineral content. Dust is then stirred up from the directed air flow of the spray gun and pushed beneath the paint. Paint defects which are embedded within, or BELOW, the surface of the clear coat (top layer of single stage paint). 170 months. For more auto detailing and car care related topics please browse: OCDCarCare Los Angeles’s – Auto Detailing Article Archive, Vehicle Services & Professional Detailing Training Courses, E: Info[at]OCDCarCare.com  |  P: +1-949-427-1191. Log in, www.CollisionBlast.com/AircraftPaintStripper, Corvette Grand Sport - Best of the Rest - Reflection Pro Services, Remove coating, DA with 36 followed by 80 grit, or use chemical striper, or media blast. Bird Droppings “Bombs” are topical (above) paint defects which may cause paint etching. In the past lacquer paint frequently had this issue, therefore the term ‘lacquer checking’ was born. Light “Type I” Water Spots: mineral deposits left behind by evaporated water. These below surface paint defects mask: color, gloss, and reflective nature of the paint. The water emulsifies and concentrates surface contaminants into drops which embed into the porous paint surface once the water evaporates. you’re not going to make much progress. Discussion. Gio G. Original Poster. From all of us at your favorite Interbay collision repair shop, we look forward to getting your car in pre-accident condition. These below surface defects occur because the paint system received too much heat from the paint correction process and swelled up, hiding the water spots. If nibs occur at or more than 3-4 per square foot, then repainting the panel is the fastest and most cost effective fix. Paint Swelling: a condition where automotive paint has increased in size “swollen” from excessive heat exposure. Aftercare of vehicle paintwork. Lighting for Auto Detailing Paint Correction Explained: Essential Concepts. This video addresses several questions about how to fix common paint defects such as paint runs, solvent boil, removing dust from paint, and several other tips and tricks of the trade. Not to say these aren’t important, but for article length considerations they aren’t listed. To fix micro marring, further refinement of the surface is necessary. However, machine paint polishing, otherwise known as paint correction or buffing, is the best means of removal for the vast majority of below surface paint defects. If Tree Sap is left on surfaces too long and exposed to extensive sun exposure, sap may harden and become resin like; leading to etching of the paint. 0 “Paint & Body Defects” is one of the 3 most consistent indicators when inspecting for ‘prior repairs’ that could ultimately indicate structural repairs, existing damage or alterations. It is also important to understand the most likely cause and removal solution for common defects found on most vehicles. This is not the case. Many of the common day-to-day defects seen on car bodies are surface tension driven. Any media touching painted surfaces should not have the ability to cause defects. Paint Oxidation & Color Fading – These are considered below surface paint issues because they occur at the clear coat or base coat level. Run the plastic covered hand over the painted surface and note the tactile feel and sound. If there are no waves or any other imperfections skip primer surfacer and sanding steps. There are mostly noticed hours or days after paint correction and or a ceramic coating installation. Bleeding/Staining can also occur when excessive peroxide from the polyester filler gets picked up by the solvent in the repair material and gets pulled to the top coat. Hiring a skilled detailer with quality processes is the only cure for these “designs.”. The polisher creates a series of minute uniform scratches. Bug Guts or Lovebugs are another topical contaminant with the ability to create below surface paint defects (etching) if not removed ASAP. Cracking. Micro Marring is generally noticed most  head during the final polishing stage. Paint Defaults & Defects Identifying Paint Conditions: An accurate paint condition diagnosis is necessary to ensure “Customer Satisfaction”. Improper or inconsistent directional vehicle washing technique. The car is under warranty. Hot days are a ripe circumstance for tar to kick up onto vehicles. 0 Use this guide to better understand the various paint and body defects. Dirt – Small bumps deposited in, on, or under the paint film. My Detailer said although the car had these dozen+ minor paint defects, they would be considered acceptable and common with any auto manufacturer. Identifying and remedying paint defects and environmental effects. I had my car's finish inspected by the owner of the Detailing shop, that I was immediately taking it to for paint correction/PPF. 2] Bleeding can also occur when excessive peroxide from a polyester filler reacts with the pigments in the repair materials causing a yellow-brown stain mark. Tree Sap removal methods depend on how long the sap has sat on the surface. Causes. Washing of areas of low contamination (top 3/4 of vehicle) with Wash media that have touched the lower sections of the vehicle. The list of ways which surface defects may impact detailing services and their quality of results can go on endlessly. Paint Defects also dictate if Paint Protection Film (Clear Bra) or Ceramic Coatings may or may not be applied effectively. Bird Etching appears as a subtle recessed blemishes in the surface of the clear coat. The deeper scratches were hidden, or camoflauged, by the multiple layers of topical scratches. Machine correction provides: the most consistent, most efficient, and least invasive means of defect removal. Want to Elevate Your Detailing Business to the Next Level? The reality is that the majority of the paint defects you see are NOT the result of your manufacturers’ inadequate production methods, rather they are the result of low-quality repairs made after the car leaves the factory. Because swirl marks cause light to refract into many random angles. Basically any and everything which can collect upon a painted surface may cause contamination. paint polishing or buffing). The best way to detect and identify paint defects for their type and severity is to first be able to see them accurately. Married together, oxidation and UV cause paint to appear dull and sometimes, in more extreme cases, a bit whitish or chalky in appearance. Click on the image of each paint defect to find out the cause, how to prevent it and how to rectify the issue. Paint Defects Find below all the information about Paint defect. A manufacturer’s warranty for paintwork defects will generally last for three years from the date of the car’s registration. More stubborn overspray may require a clay bar. Using too harsh of wash media for the intended surface. It’s not quite considered a “traditional” scratch because it is so light, yet it was still created with friction. ABOVE: Bird Etchings result when protein rich and or acidic bird droppings sit on and react to vehicle surfaces. Bleeding. Below you can find all the information about paint defects in our handy, interactive tool. For no reason it started coming off in sections like nail polish peeling off your finger nail. Flaking. Blistering. This is not a normal random paint defect. Transfers or scuffs occur when an object collides or brushes against an automotive surface. Study the techniques for the paint you use and surface you paint. Tree Sap is a topical paint defect, occurs when sap droplets or smaller particles of  liquid sap collect on a vehicle surface. Also too high or too low environment temperature, forced drying or short time between coats or even wrong thinner. It is best to use a solvent to loosen, dissolve, or completely remove road tar particles. A smooth surface will allow the hand to glide over easily and with no noise. Grab a plastic produce bag or a similar THIN bag and put it over your hand. Solvent pop ranges in appearance from a series of trapped bubbles beneath paint, to tiny pin holes. It traps all out-gassing fumes from previously sprayed paint beneath it causing the many bubbles. Many light bird etchings are removed via machine polishing, a.k.a. Therefore, in order to properly detect, evaluate, and correct flaws in automotive paint, detailers need a clear understanding of the different types of paint defects. 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